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许昌211

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个性化辅导,首选许昌211!县三一线名师,专注于高中数学、英语、物理、化学等1对1,1对几,个性化辅导。常年设有周末班,寒暑假精品小班,艺术生冲刺班等。详询:15037451213

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英语不规则动词记忆表  

2014-05-23 20:21:05|  分类: 英语精华 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                             许昌县三高英语组    熊训勇

1.AAA

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

cost[k?st]

cost[k?st]

cost[k?st]

花费

cut[k?t]

cut[k?t]

cut[k?t]

割,切

hurt[h?:t]

hurt[h?:t]

hurt[h?:t]

受伤

hit[hit]

hit[hit]

hit[hit]

打,撞

let[let]

let[let]

let[let]

put[put]

put[put]

put[put]

放下

read[ri:d]

read[red]

read[red]

set[set]

set[set]

set[set]

安排,安置

spread[spred]

spread[spred]

spread[spred]

展开,传播,涂

spit[spit]

spit/spat[spit]

spit/spat[spit]

吐痰,

shut[??t]

shut[??t]

shut[??t]

关上, 闭起,停止营业

2.ABB

动词原形        过去式       过去分词

beat[bi:t]       beat[bi:t]      beaten['bi:tn]    打败

3.ABA

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

become[bi'k?m]

became[bi'keim]

become[bi'k?m]

come[k?m]

came[keim]

come[k?m]

run[r?n]

ran[r?n]

run[r?n]

4.ABB

(1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

burn[b?:n]

burnt[b?:nt]

burnt[b?:nt]

燃烧

deal[di:l]

dealt[delt]

dealt[delt]

解决

dream[dri:m]

dreamed/dreamt

dreamed/dreamt[dremt]

做梦

hear[hi?]

heard[h?:d]

heard[h?:d]

听见

hang['h??]

hanged/ hung[h??]

hanged/ hung

绞死 /悬挂

learn[l?:n]

learned/learnt[l?:nt]

learned/learnt[l?:nt]

学习

light['lait]

lit/lighted[lit]

lit/lighted[lit]

点燃, 照亮

mean[mi:n]

meant[ment]

meant[ment]

意思

prove[pru:v]

proved

proven/proved['pru:v?n]

证明, 证实,试验

shine[?ain]

shone/shined

shone/shined[??un, ??n]

使照耀,使发光

show[??u]

showed

showed/shown['??un]

展示, 给...看

smell[smel]

smelled/smelt[smelt]

smelled/smelt[smelt]

闻, 嗅

speed[spi:d]

sped[sped]/speeded

sped/speeded[sped]

加速

spell[spel]

spelled/spelt[spelt]

spelled/spelt[spelt]

拼写

wake[weik]

waked/woke[w?uk]

waked/woken['w?uk?n]

醒来,叫醒, 激发

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

build[bild]

built[bilt]

built[bilt]

建筑

lend[lend]

lent[lent]

lent[lent]

借给

rebuild[,ri:'bild]

rebuilt[,ri:'bilt]

rebuilt[,ri:'bilt]

改建, 重建

send[send]

sent[sent]

sent[sent]

spend[spend]

spent[spent]

spent[spent]

花费

(3)原形→ought →ought

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

bring[bri?]

brought[br?:t]

brought[br?:t]

带来

buy[bai]

bought[b?:t]

bought[b?:t]

fight[fait]

fought[f?:t]

fought[f?:t]

打架

think[θi?k]

thought[θ?:t]

thought[θ?:t]

思考,想

(4) 原形→aught →aught

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

catch[k?t?]

caught[k?:t]

caught[k?:t]

捉,抓

teach[ti:t?]

taught[t?:t]

taught[t?:t]

(5)变其中一个元音字母

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

dig[diɡ]

dug[d?ɡ]

dug[d?ɡ]

掘(土), 挖(洞、沟等)

feed[fi:d]

fed[fed]

fed[fed]

find[faind]

found

found

发现,找到

get[ɡet]

got[ɡ?t]

got/gotten['ɡ?t?n]

得到

hold[h?uld]

held[held]

held[held]

拥有,握住,支持

lead[li:d]

led[led]

led[led]

引导, 带领, 领导

meet[mi:t]

met[met]

met[met]

遇见

sit[sit]

sat[s?t]

sat[s?t]

shoot[?u:t]

shot[??t]

shot[??t]

射击

spit[spit]

spit/spat[sp?t]

spit/spat[sp?t]

吐痰,

stick[stik]

stuck[st?k]

stuck[st?k]

插进, 刺入, 粘住,

win[win]

won[w?n]

won[w?n]

(6)原形→□lt/pt/ft→□lt/pt/ft

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

feel['fi:l]

felt[felt]

felt[felt]

感到

keep[ki:p]

kept[kept]

kept[kept]

保持

leave[li:v]

left[left]

left[left]

离开

sleep[sli:p]

slept[slept]

slept[slept]

睡觉

sweep[swi:p]

swept[swept]

swept[swept]

(7)其它

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

lay[lei]

laid[leid]

laid[leid]

下蛋, 放置

pay[pei]

paid[peid]

paid[peid]

say[sei]

said[sed]

said[sed]

stand[st?nd]

stood[stud]

stood[stud]

understand

understood[,?nd?'st?nd]

understood[,?nd?'st?nd]

明白

lose[lu:z]

lost[l?st, l?:st]

lost[l?st, l?:st]

失去

have[h?v]

had[h?d, h?d, ?d]

had[h?d, h?d, ?d]

make[meik]

made[meid]

made[meid]

制造

sell[sel]

sold[s?uld]

sold[s?uld]

tell[tel]

told[t?uld]

told[t?uld]

告诉

retell[,ri:'tel]

retold[,ri:'t?uld]

retold[,ri:'t?uld]

重讲,重复,复述

5.ABC(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

blow[bl?u]

blew[blu:]

blown

drive[ draiv ]

drove[dr?uv]

driven[driv?n]

驾驶

draw[dr?:]

drew[dru:]

drawn[dr?:n]

画画

eat[i:t]

ate[et,eit]

eaten['i:t?n]

fall[f?:l]

fell[fel]

fallen['f?:l?n]

落下

give[ɡiv]

gave[ɡeiv]

given['ɡiv?n]

grow[ɡr?u]

grew[ɡru:]

grown[ɡr?un]

生长

forgive[f?'ɡiv]

forgot[f?'ɡ?t]

forgiven

原谅, 饶恕

know[n?u]

knew[nju:, nu:]

known

知道

mistake[mi'steik]

mistook[mi'stuk]

mistooken

弄错; 误解,

overeat['?uv?'i:t]

overate[,?uv?'reit]

overeaten

(使)吃过量

prove[pru:v]

proved

proven/proved

证明,证实, 试验

take[teik]

took[tuk]

taken['teikn, 'teik?n]

throw[θr?u]

threw[θru:]

thrown[θr?un, 'θr?un]

抛,扔

ride[raid]

rode[r?ud]

ridden['rid?n]

see[si:]

saw[s?:]

seen[si:n]

看见

show[??u]

showed

showed/shown['??un]

展示

write[rait]

wrote[r?ut]

written['rit?n]

(2)原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

break[breik]

broke[br?uk]

broken['br?uk?n]

打破

choose[t?u:z]

chose[t??uz]

chosen['t??uz?n]

选择

get[ɡet]

got[ɡ?t]

got/gotten['ɡ?t?n]

得到

hide[haid]

hid[hid]

hidden['hid?n]

隐藏

forget[f?'ɡet]

forgot[f?'ɡ?t]

forgotten[f?'ɡ?tn]

忘记

freeze[fri:z]

froze[fr?uz]

frozen['fr?uzn]

冷冻,结冰,感到严寒

speak[spi:k]

spoke[sp?uk]

spoken['sp?uk?n]

steal[sti:l]

stole

stolen['st?ul?n]

(3) 变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。

[i→a →u]                                

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

begin[bi'ɡin]

began[bi'ɡ?n]

begun[bi'ɡ?n]

开始

drink[dri?k]

drank[dr??k]

drunk[dr??k]

sing[si?]

sang[s??]

sung[s??]

sink[si?k]

sank[s??k]

sunk[s??k]

下沉, 沉没

swim[swim]

swam[sw?m]

swum[sw?m]

游泳

ring[ri?]

rang[r??]

rung[r??]

打电话

(4)其它

动词原形

过去式

过去分词

 

be(am, is, are)

was/ were

been

bear[bε?]

bore[b?:]

born/borne[b?:n]

负担, 忍受

do[du:, du:]

did[did]

done[d?n]

fly[flai]

flew[flu:]

flown[fl?un]

go[ɡ?u]

went[went]

gone[ɡ?n]

lie[lai]

lay[lei]

lain[lein]

wear[wε?]

wore[w?:]

worn[w?:n]

穿

 

英语单词的各种形式变化规则

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s, 如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice  child-children  foot-feet,.  tooth-teeth  fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese,  Japanese-Japanese

 

练习: 写出下列各词的复数

I _________      him _________   this ___________    her ______

watch _______    child _______    photo ________     diary ______

day________     foot________     book_______       dress ________

tooth_______     sheep ______     box________        strawberry _____

thief _______     fish______       peach______       sandwich ______

man______       woman_______   paper_______       juice___________

water________    milk________    rice__________      tea__________

 

二.动词第三人称单数变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,    如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es, 如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

 

写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________      go _________      stay ________       make ________

look _________      have_______       pass_______         carry ________

come________       watch______      plant_______        fly __________

study_______      brush________     do_________         teach________

 

三.动词现在分词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,      如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

 

写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________    run__________      swim _________     make__________

go_________     like________         write________ _     ski___________

read________    have_________      sing  ________      dance_________

put_________   see________        buy _________       love____________

live_______      take_________       come ________      get_________

stop_________   sit ________        begin________      shop___________

 

 

四.动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was,  are-were, do-did,   see-saw,  say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came,  have-had,  eat-ate,  take-took,  run-ran,  sing-sang,  put-put, fly-flew, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept,  swim-swam,  sit-sat

 

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________     fly_______          plant________      are ________

drink_________     play_______         go________        make _____

does_________      dance________       worry________     ask _____

taste_________      eat__________       draw________       put ______

throw________      kick_________       pass_______       do  ________

 

 

五.形容词比较级和最高级的变化规则:

1.一般在词尾加er/est;

2.以字母e 结尾,加r/st ;

3.以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er/st ;

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er/st

5.部分双音节词和多音节词,在单词前面加more或most

important    more important    most important

  difficult    more difficult    most difficult

  interesting  more interesting  most interesting

  useful       more useful       most useful

                   beautiful     more beautiful    most beautiful

 

6.不规则形容词比较级:

①good/well-better-best                                ②bad/ill-worse-worst
③many/much-more-most                            ④little-less-least
⑤far-farther-farthest
    或further-furthest                              

⑥old-older-oldest
    或elder-eldest

⑦late-later-latest

  或latter-latest

写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级

old__________      young________      tall_______       long________  

  short________     strong________        big________     small_______

  fat_________      thin__________       heavy______     light________

  nice________      good_________        beautiful__________ 

 high_________       slow_______          fast________     low______

  late__________     early_________        far_________     well______

 

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