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句法基础及主谓一致  

2012-07-18 21:29:30|  分类: 高中语法专项 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                                 句法基础及主谓一致

句法的定义:

        句法是研究句子的个个组成部分和它们的排列顺序。 句法研究的对象是句子。

        句子的定义:

        句子是用来描述一件事情,表达一个思想, 提出一个问题,它是有一定的语法结构排列组成的。

        The football is in the box.

        足球在箱子里放着。

        I'm interested in English.

        我对英语感兴趣。

        What would you like? 

        你想要点什么?

        句子的分类:                

        句子可以从两种角度来分类:   

        1) 根据句子的用途来分,英语的句子有下列几种:                  

        一) 陈述句: 用来陈述,讲明一件事情,一个情况。

        I like music.

        我喜欢音乐。

        Mr.Dix came to our university to teach English.     

        迪克斯先生来我们学校教英语。    

        二) 疑问句: 向对方(听众)提出问题的句子就叫疑问句,一般需对方作出回答。

        What do you want? I want a book.                    

        你要什么? 我要一本书。              

        How old are you? I'm ten tears old.                

        你几岁啦? 我十岁。               

        三) 祈使句: 用来向对方(听众)发出请求,命令的句子叫祈使句。祈使句一般需对方作出行为动作。                   

        Come here, please. 请过来。                   

        Come to my office immediately.  马上到我的办公室来。    

        四) 感叹句: 用来表示自己的一种强烈感情的句子叫感叹句。

         What an interesting story it is! 多有趣的故事啊!

          How beautiful your sweater is!你的毛衣多漂亮啊!

       2) 根据句子的结构来分,句子可分为下列几种:

       一) 简单句 句中只含有一个主语或并列主语和一个谓语或并列谓语的句子叫做简单句。

        I study English every day  我天天学习英语。

        Lucy and Lili went shopping yesterday.露西和丽丽昨天上街去买东西。  

        二)并列句 由连接词或 " ; "把两个以上(含两个)的简单句连在一起的句子叫做并列句。在并列句中,各个简单句意思完整,不受其他简单句的影响。

         These flowers are white and those flowers are red。

         这些花是白色的而那些花是红色的。

        I am a worker but my brother is a professor. 我是一个工人,但是我的兄弟是个教授。

       三) 复合句 句子中含有从句的句子叫做复合句。

        I know it's difficult to master English well.

         我知道学好英语不容易。

        Can you tell me how many students there are in your class?

        你能告诉我你们班里有多少学生吗?

 

        句子的成分:                    

        构成句子的基本成分叫做句子成分。句子成分可分为主语,谓语,宾语,表语,定语,状语,同位语。它们可以由单词来担任,也可以由词组,以及句子来担任。                    

        主语

        主语是一个句子中所要表达,描述的人或物,是句子的主体。

         I work here.

          She is a new teacher.               

        主语可以由名词,代词,数词,动词不定式,动名词,名词化形容词,分词,从句,短语等来担任。        

        What I know is important. 我所知道的很重要。                   

        谓语 谓语是用来说明主语做了什么动作或处在什么状态。谓语可以由动词来担任,一般放在主语的后面。                

        The child has been brought up by his mother.

        这孩子是由他的妈妈带大的。

        She speaks English fluently. 她英语讲得很流利。                 

        表语 表语是用来说明主语的性质, 身份, 特征和状态。表语须和连系动词一起构成句子的复合谓语。表语一般放在系动词之后。表语可以由名词, 形容词或起名词和形容词作用的词和短语担任。 

        We are happy now. 我们现在很幸福。

        My question is how you knew him.我的问题是你如何认识他的。

      宾语 宾语是谓语动作所涉及的对象, 它是动作的承受者,宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的成分担任,宾语一般放在谓语动词后面。

        I saw a cat in the tree. 我看见树上有一只猫。

         We think you are right. 我们认为你是对的。                   

        有些及物动词可以有两个宾语 ,其中一个宾语多指人,另一个宾语指物,指人的宾语叫做间接宾语,指物的宾语叫做直接宾语, 可以带两个宾语的动词有 bring,give, show, send, pass, tell

      等。间接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面,如果强调直接宾语可把直接宾语放在间接宾语的前面,但间接宾语前须加 " to "。

       My father bought me a book. 我父亲给我买了一本书。

      有些及物动词除跟一个宾语外,还需要加上宾语补足语,否则意思不完整,

      它们一起构成复合宾语,复合宾语中宾语和后面的宾语补足语有一种逻辑上的主谓关系, 这也是判断是两个宾语还是复合宾语的依据, 宾语可以由名词或起名词作用的词担任。

      We all call him Lao Wang.  我们都叫他老王。                      

      Please color it red.。请给它涂上红颜色。

    定语 用于描述名词,代词,短语或从句的性质,特征范围等情况的词叫做定语,

      定语可以由名词,形容词和起名词和形容词作用的词,短语担任。如果定语是单个 词,定语放在被修饰词的前面,如果是词组,定语放在被修饰词的后面。

That is a beautiful flower.

        The TV set made in that factory is very good. 那个工厂生产的电视机很好。         

     状语: 说明事物发生的时间,地点,原因,目的,结果方式, 条件或伴随情况,程度等情况的词叫状语。状语可以由副词, 短语以及从句来担任。                   

        We went to the countryside last year.                  

        去年我们去了乡下。                 

        I often read the news paper at night.                

        我经常在晚上看报纸。           

        We study hard for our country.          

        我们为我们的国家而努力学习。            

        I'm late because I missed the bus.              

        由于误了车,所以我迟到了。                    

        I go to school on foot.                    

        我步行去上学。

英语中的五种基本句型 

     为什么又要分词类,又要分句子成分呢?词类和句子成分是不同的概念。同一个词类可以在句中充当不同的成分,同一个句子成分也可以由不同的词类来担任。 那么什么叫句子成分呢?句子的组成成分叫句子成分。在句子中,词与词之间有一定的组合关系,按照不同的关系,可以把句子分为不同的组成成分。句子成分由词或词组充当。 现代汉语里一般的句子成分有六种,即主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语和补语。英语的基本成分有六种:主语(subject)、谓语(predicate)、表语(predicative)、宾语(object)、定语(attribute)和状语(adverbial)。 英语句子成分中,有些具有形态标志。如第一人称代词作主语就用主格“I”,作宾语用宾格“me”,作定语用所有格“my”。这些形态变化对分析辨认成分很有帮助。

英语句子的基本结构可以归纳成五种基本句型及其扩大、组合、省略或倒装。掌握这五种基本句型,是掌握各种英语句子结构的基础。

英语五种基本句型列式如下:

基本句型一: S V (主+谓)            The pen writes smoothly

基本句型二: S V P (主+谓+表)

基本句型三: S V O (主+谓+宾)

基本句型四: S V o O (主+谓+间宾+直宾)

基本句型五: S V O C (主+谓+宾+宾补)

基本句型 二

此句型的句子有一个共同的特点:句子谓语动词都不能表达一个完整的意思,必须加上一个表明主语身份或状态的表语构成复合谓语,才能表达完整的意思。这类动词叫做连系动词。系动词分两类:be, look, keep, seem等属一类,表示情况;get, grow, become, turn等属另一类,表示变化。be 本身没有什么意义,只起连系主语和表语的作用。其它系动词仍保持其部分词义。

1.       This is an English-Chinese dictionary. 2. The dinner smells good. 3. He fell in love. 4. Everything looks different. 5. He is growing tall and strong. 6. The trouble is that they are short of money. 7. Our well has gone dry. 8. His face turned red. 1. 这是本英汉辞典。 2. 午餐的气味很好。 3. 他堕入了情网。 4. 一切看来都不同了。 5. 他长得又高又壮。 6. 麻烦的是他们缺少钱。 7. 我们的井干枯了。 8. 他的脸红了。

基本句型 三

此句型句子的共同特点是:谓语动词都具有实义,都是主语产生的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个宾语,即动作的承受者,才能使意思完整。这类动词叫做及物动词。

S V(及物动词) O

1. Who knows the answer? 2. She smiled her thanks. 3. He has refused to help them. 1. 谁知道答案? 2. 她微笑表示感谢。 3. 他拒绝帮他们的忙

基本句型 四

此句型的句子有一个共同特点:谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才能表达完整的意思。这两个宾语一个是动作的直接承受者,另一个是动作的间接承受者。 通常这一间接承受者用一个介词来连接,当动作的间接承受者在动作的直接承受者之前时,这一介词往往被省略。

 S V(及物) o(多指人)  O(多指物)  1. She ordered herself a new dress.  2. She cooked her husband a delicious meal.  3. He brought you a dictionary. 1. 她给自己定了一套新衣裳。 2. 她给丈夫煮了一餐美馔。 3. 他给你带来了一本字典。

基本句型 五

此句型的句子的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个宾语还 不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成分来补足宾语,才能使意思完整。

S │V(及物)│ O(宾语) │ C(宾补)  1. They appointed him manager.  2. They painted the door green.  3. This set them thinking.  4. They  found  the house  deserted. 1. 他们任命他当经理。 2. 他们把门漆成绿色。 3. 这使得他们要细想一想。 4. 他们发现那房子无人居住。

 

主谓一致

主谓一致指谓语动词与主语必须在人称、性、数上保持一致。

一、主谓一致

主谓一致有许多原则,概括起来不外乎三种一致原则,即语法形式一致,概念一致(语言内容上一致),就近原则(谓语动词的单复数形式和紧位于其前的主语一致)。

    1. 语法形式一致

    (1)单数主语、单个动词不定式、动名词短语以及句子作主语,谓语动词要用单数形式。复数主语,用and或both…and连接的动词不定式短语、动名词短语以及主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用复数形式。例如:

 

    1) The performance was very funny.

    2) Serving the people is my great happiness.

    3) Whether we’ll go depends on the weather.

    4) Many natural materials are becoming scarce.

    5) Both you and I are  students.

    6) What I think and what I seek have been fairly reflected in my paper.

    注1:在what 引导的主语从句中,如果表语是复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

    What we have to learn are the pieces of language that produce inversion.

    注2:修饰语对主语的数不起影响。例如:

    The performance of the first three clowns was very funny.

    (2)由as well as, with, along with, like, together with, rather than, except,

    but, including, accompanied by, plus, besides, in addition to, no less than

    等引起的结构跟在主语后面,不能看作是并列主语,该主语不受这些词组引导的插入语的影响,主语如是单数,其谓语动词仍然用单数形式。例如:

    1) My mother, as well as my father, has a key to the office.

    2) The man together with his wife and children sits there watching TV.

    3) His sister no less than you is wrong.

    4) The reading course book, plus its reference books, is helpful to college

    students.

    注:有时在with结构里,加上both之后,with就具有and含义。例如:

    Grandpa Wang with his son, both looking very happy, are taking a walk in the

    park.

    (3)有些代词只能指单数可数名词,当它们在句子中作主语时,尽管在意义上是多数,谓语动词仍要用单数形式。这类代词有either, neither, each, one, the other, another, somebody, someone, something, anyone,anything, anybody, everyone, everything, everybody, no one, nothing, nobody等。例如:

    1) Neither likes the friends of the other. (两人都不喜欢对方的朋友。)

    2) Everything around us is matter. (我们周围的所有东西都是物质。)

    (4)在neither of与either

    of的结构里,一般语法书都认为谓语动词可用单数形式也可用复数形式,但在美国的TOEFL考试内要求用单数形式。例如:

    1) Neither of them was in good health, but both worked very hard.

    2) Has either of them been seen recently?

    (5)当and连结的两个名词是指同一个人或同一件事,and后的名词前没有冠词,谓语动词应该用单数形式;在and后面的名词前有冠词,谓语就用复数形式。例如:

    1)The bread and butter is served for breakfast. (早饭供应黄油面包。)

    2)The bread and the butter are on sale. (正在出售黄油和面包。)

    (6)当one of, a portion of, a series of, a species of, a chain of

    结构作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:

    1)One of those students has passed the examination.

    2)A series of pre-recorded tapes has been prepared for language laboratory

    use.

    (7)form of, type of, kind of 结构的谓语视form, type与kind的单复数而定.these/those

    kind/type of后是复数名词,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

    1) The kind of books an author writes depends on the kind of man who he is.

    2) Some new types of cars are now on show.

    3)These kind of recorders are good.

    (8)由one and a half + 复数名词作主语时,谓语动词视名词的单复数形式而定。例如:

    One and a half apples is left on the plate.

    (9) 由the majority of + 名词作主语时,谓语动词视名词的单复数形式而定。例如:

    1) The majority of the damage is easy to repair.

    2) The majority of criminals are non-violent.

    (10)plenty of, half of, a lot of, lots of, heaps of, loads of, scads of等 +

    可数与不可数名词作主语时,不可数名词的谓语只用单数,可数名词的谓语视可数名词的单复数而定。例如:

    1)Half of this building is to be completed by spring.

    2)Half of the buildings have been painted completely.

    3)There is plenty of water in the pail.

    4)There are plenty of eggs in the box.

    5)There is loads of milk on the farm.

    6)There are loads of big red apples on the ground.

    注:当名词前有其他量词修饰时,谓语动词的单复数形式通常取决于量词。例如:

    1)Row upon row of soldiers is marching towards us on the field.

    2)A body of volunteers has been organized to aid the helpless in their

    struggle for survival.

    (11)由all of, most of, a lot of, some of, none of, plenty of , the rest 等 + 名词作主语时,谓语动词的单数形式应与名词一致。例如:

    1)None of the books satisfy the students.

    2)None of this meat is fit to eat.

    3)All of the research work was designed by the chief engineer.

    4)All of the students are against the plan for an outing at this time of the  term.

    (12)由more than one (或more than one + 单数名词),many a + 单数名词作主语,谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:

    1)More than one student has passed the examination.

    2)Many a boy learns to swim before he can read.

    注:如果more than后面是复数名词,则谓语动词要用复数。

    例如:More than two hundred students have attended the lecture.

    (13)quantity of + 不可数名词,谓语动词用单数形式; quantities of + 可数与不可数名词,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

    1)Great quantities of milk are needed in this city.

    2)There is a large quantity of milk.

    (14)如果名词词组中心词是“分数或百分数 + of + 名词”,谓语动词的单、复数形式取决于of后的名词或代词的单、复数形式。例如:

    1)Over three-quarters of the swampland has been reclaimed.

    2)Two-thirds of the people present are against the plan.

    (15)定语从句谓语动词的单复数形式应与先行词一致。例如:

    1)He is one of the men who were chosen to represent the group.

    2)“Keep cool” is the first of the rules that are to be remembered in an

    accident.

    注:当one之前有the only等限定词修饰时,定语从句的谓语动词用单数形式。例如:

    He is the only one of those boys who is willing to take on another

    assignment.

    2.概念一致(语言内容上一致)

    (1)有些集合名词如crowd, family, team, orchestra(管弦乐队), group, government,   committee, class, school, union, firm, staff,

    public等,它们作主语时,谓语动词的数要根据语言内容而定。如果它们作为一个集体单位时,动词用单数形式,如就其中的各个成员来说,则谓语用复数形式。例如:

    1)His family is going to move.

    2)His family are very well.

    3)The public is / are requested not to leave litter in the park.

    注:如这类词后跟有定语从句时,定语从句的谓语动词也遵循概念一致的原则,强调具体成员时,谓语动词用复数,关系代词用who;

    强调整体时,谓语动词用单数,关系代词用which。例如:

    1)The government who were responsible for this event attempted to find solution.

    2)The government which was responsible for this event attempted to find a  solution.

    (2)有些表示总称意义的名词,形式上是单数,而意义上却是复数,谓语动词要用复数形式,如people, police, militia, cattle,

    poultry(家禽)等。例如:

    1)Cattle were allowed to graze on the village common.

    2)The police are searching for a tall dark man with a beard.

    (3)有些名词形式上是复数,而意义上却是单数。如news, means, works.还有许多以ics结尾的学科名称,如economics,

    physics, mechanics, politics等,它们作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:

    1)Politics is a complicated business.

    2)Here is the news.

    (4)用and连接的单数主语,前面有each, every, many a,

    no等修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。复数主语与each连用时,应不受each的影响,谓语动词仍用复数形式。例如:

    1) Each pen and each paper is found in its place.

    2) Every boy and girl is treated in the same way.

    3) Many a boy and many a girl has seen it.

    4) The old workers and the young each have their own tools.

    (5)表示重量、度量、衡量、价值的复数名词作主语,谓语动词常用单数形式。例如:

    1) Twenty miles is a long way to walk.

    2) Three pints isn’t enough to get me drunk.

    (6)国家、单位和书报的名称,作为一个单一的概念,其谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:

    1)War and Peace is the longest book I’ve read.

    2)General Motors has recently closed down a plant. (通用汽车公司最近关闭了一家工厂。)

    (8)the +形容词作主语时,如主语指的是一类人,谓语动词用复数形式;如果指的是单个人或抽象概念,谓语动词用单数形式。例如:

    1) The blind are taught trades in special schools.

    2) The departed was a good friend of his.

    3.毗邻一致(就近原则)

    (1)由连词or, neither…or, either…or, not only … also,

    nor等连接的并列主语,谓语动词的单复数形式按毗邻一致的原则,与贴近它的主语一致。例如:

    1) He or you have taken my pen.

    2) Either you or he is no telling the truth.

    3) Not only the switches but also the old wiring has been changed.

    (2)在there be 的结构中,谓语动词的单复数形式一般也采取就近原则。例如:

    1)There is a desk and four benches in the office.

    2)There are two chairs and a desk in the office.

    二、指代一致

    指代一致是指句中的代词应该在人称、数、性等方面与所指的词保持一致。

    1.人称一致

    (1)当代词指代名词或另一个代词时,须在人称上与所指代的词保持一致。例如:

    1)I recognized one of the girls, but I didn’t speak to her.

    2) That woman said that she was over fifty.

    3) They asked whom they should apply to.

    (2)当代词指代集合名词时,用单数人称代词强调整体,用复数人称代词强调个人。例如:

    1) The committee have discussed their report on the disaster.

    2) The audience are raising their hands to signify their approval.

    (3)当everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone,

    somebody等作主语时,相应的代词一般采用单数形式。例如:

    1) If anyone calls, tell him I’ll be back later.

    2) Everyone thinks he is the center of universe.

    注:在非正式文体中,特别是在会话体里,常用代词的复数形式是为了故意不具体说出所指的那个人的性别。例如:

    1) Has anybody brought their camera?

    2) No one could blamed themselves.

    (4)由neither … nor, not only … but also, either … or, not … but,

    or等连结的并列主语,其后的附加疑问部分主语用复数代词。例如:

    1) Neither you nor I am wrong, are we?

    2) Both Tom and Jack came, didn’t they?

    2.性、数、格一致

    (1)代词的性一般仅限于第三人称。例如:

    1) China will always do what she has promised to do.

    2) The boy stood at the door with his hat in his hand.

    (2) 当or或nor连接阳性名词或阴性名词时,代词一般和近者保持一致。例如:

    1) Neither John nor Mary has got what she wanted.

    2) If you should see Mary or Thomas, tell him the news.

    (3)单数名词由and连接时,相应的代词一般用复数形式。例如:

    1) Food and rent are more expensive than they used to be.

2) Jim and Mary spoke on the subject as if they were experts.

 

                                 英语 主谓一致(试题)

主谓一致

(1)选择填空(分数:40 估时:40分)

1.I who   a teacher must be strict and careful in everything.

 A.is       B.am

2.What      the population of Beijing?

 A.is   B.are

3.The Chinese      a great people.

 A.is   B.are

4.A woman with a baby     coming here.

 A.is       B.are

5.The girl as well as the boys    learned to drive a car.

 A.has       B.have

6.To finish the work     hard work.

 A.needs       B.need

7.No teacher and student     in the school.

 A.is   B.are

8.Whenever anything    ,please stay here quietly.

 A.happens   B.happen

9.Many a man     the story.

 A.believes   B.believe

10.More than five men    died in the accident.

 A.has   B.have

11.       there any police around?

 A.Is   B.Are

12.My trousers      dirty.

 A.is       B.are

13.A pair of glasses      lying on the chair.

 A.is   B.are

14.A year and a half      already passed.

 A.has   B.have

15.The number of the students who     part in the entrance examination     

great.

 A.takes,is   B.takes,are

 C.take,is   D.take,are

16.Twelve percent of the workers here      women.

 A.is       B.are

17.His family    not very large.

 A. is   B.are

18.His family    watching TV.

 A.is   B are

19.Most of the earth     covered with water.

 A.is   B.are

20.Most of the cars      made in Shanghai.

 A. is   B.are

21.All    not gold that glitters.

 A. is       B.are

22.Many sheep     looked after by the old man.

 A.is   B.are

23.Bread and butter     their daily food.

 A.is       B.are

24.Now a number of young men      very well.

 A.cooks       B.cook

25.Those who      to go to Nanjing please get on the train.

 A.wants   B.want

26.Simple and plain living     a fine quality.

 A.is       B.are

27.Three weeks     too short a time for translating the book.

 A.is   B.are

28.Letter and toilet paper      running out.

 A.is   B.are

29.Ten dollars     too dear.

 A.is   B.are

30.Here      a fish,some bread and soup for you.

 A.is   B.are

31.Not only a pen but also two books     lost.

 A.was       B.were

32      you or he right?

 A.Is   B.Are

33.It's Tom who      it.

 A.does       B.do

34.The danger of forests     not to be taken lightly.

 A.is       B.are

35.More than one person    watching the strange star that night.

 A.was       B.were

36.The boy and girl each     their own toys.

 A.has   B.have

37.Few      near here.

 A.lives       B.live

38.The glass works     built in 1959.

 A.was       B.were

39.Men of this kind     dangerous.

 A.is       B.are

40.This kind of men     dangerous.

 A.is       B.are 

(2)用be或have的适当形式填空(分数:24     估时:48分)

1.A.The glasses     mine.

 B.That pair of glasses     my brother's.

2.A.Grandpa Wang,together with his two grandsons,      taking a walk in the park

now.

 B.Grandpa Wang and his two grandsons   taking a walk in the park now.

3.A.Neither of them   going to the cinema.

 B.Both of them     going to the cinema.

4.A.It is said that his family   going to move.

 B.He said that his family     all very well.

5.A.All that I want to say     this.

 B.All but one     here just now.

6.A.A number of the students     gone for an outing.

 B.The number of the students    increasing year after year.

7.A.Either you or I     wrong.

 B.Not only the students but also the professor    surprised at Mary's answer.

8.A.Many a person     seen the wonderful film.

 B.Many people     seen the wonderful film.

9.A.Getting up early and going to bed early    a good habit.

 B.Singing and dancing     two of the things that he likes best.

10.A.More than one person     injured in the accident.

  B.More than two persons     injured in the accident.

11.A.The policeman    standing at the street corner.

  B.The police     searching for him.

12.A.Nobody but Mary and I    in the classroom at that time.

  B.Only Mary and I    in the classroom when Tom entered. 

(3)选择填空(分数:35 估时:35分)

1.Maths     not easy to learn.

 A.is   B.are

2.No news     good news.

 A.is   B.are

3.Every possible means     been tried.

 A.has   B.have

4.The police     searched every room of the building.

 A.has   B.have

5.The students who     absent must be criticized.

 A.is   B.are

6.The student who     late for class found a wallet and handed it in.

 A.was   B.were

7.To master the spirit of a foreign language   not easy.

 A.is   B.are

8.Seeing     believing.

 A.is   B.are

9.When and where we will have the meeting     not been decided.

 A.has   B.have

10.Ten miles  not a long distance.

 A.is   B.are

11.Deer     to eat a certain kind of wild roses.

 A.likes   B.like

12.A lot of field mice     been killed.

 A.has   B.have

13.It is you who     the right to decide.

 A.has   B.have

14.In this class sixty percent of the students     girls.

 A.is   B.are

15.My parents no less than I     glad to see you.

 A.am    B.are    C.is

16.Everybody except you    to know it.

 A.seems   B.seem

17.More than one house     burned down during the fire.

 A.was    B.were

18.His family all    in for sports.

 A.goes   B.go

19.The news     been heard everywhere.

 A.has   B.have

20.Only one percent of the students in the college    Party members.

 A.is   B.are

21.A third of our students   from peasant families.

 A.comes   B.come

22.Tom as well as two of his friends     to the concert.

 A.was invited  B.were invited

23.Many a girl    football.

 A.likes  B.like

24.Plastics and rubber never        .

 A.rots   B.rot

25.What     the population of Hongkong?

 A.is   B.are

26.There is a plate on the table.The knife and fork    beside it.

 A.is  B.are

27.Where     my trousers?

 A.is   B.are

28.The police      looking for him.

 A.is   B.are

29.A number of the students   going to visit the History Museum.

 A.is   B.are

30.The number of the girl students in that school     smaller than that of the

boy  students.

 A.is   B.are

31.One dollar and eighty—seven cents    all Della had.

 A.was   B.were

32.What he said and what he did     agree.

 A.dosen't  B.don't

33.The factory including it′s machine     burnt last night.

 A.was  B.were

34.The young   very active.

 A.is  B.are

35.The doctor and scientist     to the meeting.

 A.was invited  B.were invited

 

答案 1)

 

1.B 2.A  3.B  4.A  5.A  6.A  7.A  8.A 9.A 10.B  11.B  12.B  13.A  14.A  15.C

   16.B 17.A  18.B  19.A  20.B  21.A  22.B  23.A  24.B 25.B  26.A  27.A  28.B

   29.A  30.A  31.B  32.B 33.A  34.A  35.A  36.B  37.B  38.A  39.B  40.A

 

(2)

 

1.are,is    2.is,are    3.is,are

 

4.is,were   5.is,were   6.have,is

 

7.am,was    8.has,have   9.is,are

 

10.was,were  11.is,are   12.was,were

 

(3)

 

1.A   2.A    3.A    4.B    5.B    6.A

 

7.A   8.A    9.A    10.A   11.B   12.B

 

13.B   14.B   15.B   16.A   17.A   18.B

 

19.A   20.B   21.B   22.A   23.A   24.B

 

25.A   26.A   27.B   28.B   29.B   30.A

 

31.A   32.B   33.A   34.B   35.A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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