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高中阶段常见带介词的to短语归纳  

2011-07-14 21:45:59|  分类: 英语精华 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自Victor英语教育学习《高中阶段常见带介词的to短语归纳》

 在高中阶段的英语学习中,同学们常常会遇见许多含有to的短语,而其中有些短语所含的to为介词,他的后面要求接名词,代词或动名词形式。往往容易将这种情况与不定式符号后接动词原形相混淆,为了帮助大家区别记忆,现将高中阶段常见介词带to的短语归纳如下:

be/get/become used to 习惯于     be given to 喜欢;癖好         be related to  与…有关系    

be addicted to 沉溺于;对…上瘾  be opposed to  反对     devote oneself to献身于;专心于

be devoted to 致力于;忠诚于    be admitted to 被…录取;准进入   be reduced to 沦为

reduce…to…使…沦为         be attached to附属于;喜欢;依恋   be adjusted to  适应

be known to  为…所知        be married to  和…结婚            be sentenced to被判处

be connected to  和…连在一起 be exposed to  暴露于;遭受       be compared to 被比喻成

compare… to…把…比作…  be/become/ get accustomed to//accustomed to  惯于;有…习惯

be engaged to 与…订婚        get down to 着手做                    lead to 导致        

object to反对;不喜欢;不赞成  put one’s mind to全神贯注于           give rise to 引起

look forward to  盼望           pay attention to  注意                 stick to  坚持

attend to 专心;注意;照料;   see to  负责;注意       contribute to对…作贡献;有助于

make contributions to对…作贡献   apply oneself to 致力于         come close to几乎;将近

reply to 回答        add to 增加     add up to  加起来          in addition to除…之外

turn to转向;求助于    feel up to 能胜任于       look up to 尊敬     admit to承认

belong to 属于         take to 喜爱;开始        cling to 附着       fall to 开始

respond to 回答;对…作出回应     accustom oneself to 使自己习惯于   amount to等于

set an example to 给…树立榜样      refer to 谈到;参考;查阅 

agree to sth. 同意某事 (比较:agree to do sth.  同意做某事)       prefer… to…更喜欢

take/make a trip to到…地方去 join…to…把…和 …连接起来turn a blind eye to对…视而不见

turn a deaf ear to 对…充耳不闻          show honour to向…表示敬意 

put an end to(bring… to an end) 结束      drink (a toast) to 为……干杯

propose a toast to 提议……     set fire to 放火烧……  happen to… 发生了……事    

occur to sb. 想起;想到    total up to 总计达   be close to 几乎;将近 hold to 坚持;抓住

help oneself to 随便用……  hold on to  抓住;固守  do harm to 对……有害处

do wrong to 冤枉某人    date back to 追溯到  come to 来到;达到;结果为

 (比较:come to do sth逐渐做某事)  when it comes to… 谈到……时 give an eye to着眼于

have an eye to doing 打算  describe to  向……描述    treat sb. to sth. 请某人吃……    

trust sth. to sb.把某物委托给某人 pay a visit to  参观……   the key to ……的答案     

access to 进入;取得的方法on one’s way to 在去某处的路上;在达成某事的过程中

be a stranger to   不习惯;对……陌生  be kind to 对……和善 be important to 对……重要   

 be senior to   年龄长于……   be junior to年龄小于…… be equal to  和……相等       

be particular to ……所特有的  (比较:be particular about 对……过于讲究;挑剔)  

be subject to 服从;隶属;易遭\受\患    be familiar to 为  ……熟悉    

be similar to 和……相似     be open to 对……开放      be loyal to  对……忠诚  

be helpful to对……有益处    be useful to对……有用  be good to sb对某人好

(比较:be good for 对……有益处) be bad to 对……不好 be bad for(比较:对……有害处)

be new to 对……不习惯;对……陌生    next to(否定词前)几乎;next to ……的旁边

due to 由于;归因于……   be due to do sth.预定要做某事    owing to 由于;因……的缘故   

thanks to 多亏了;由于      as to 关于;至于             in/with regard to 关于

in/with relation to 关于;就……而论    according to 根据   subject to 在……条件下;依照

专项练习:

1. The engine of the plane was out of order and the thunderstorm ______ the helplessness of the pilot in the sky. A. added to  B. made up  C.led to   D. took over

2. –-What a large and bright room! Is it a classroom?

  ---No. It ______ the students’ reading—room.

   A. refers to    B. stands for   C. is meant for   D. makes up of

3. It was foolish of him to _______ his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished.  A. stick to   B. refer to   C. keep to   D. point to

4.Eating too much fat can _______ heart disease and cause high blood pressure.

   A. result from   B. devote to  C. attend to   D. contribute to

Keys:  1. A  2. C  3. B  4. D

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