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高考英语短语动词强化记忆  

2010-07-23 19:22:57|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  一、动词be构成的短语动词

1.be known as/be famous as作为……而闻名

be known for因……而出名

be known to为……所知

be known by凭……而知

The hill is known for the temple.

LuXun is known to us as a writer.

One can be known by his words and deeds.

2.be married to与……结婚

She is married to a musician.    ..

3.be tired of/with对……厌烦

    He is tired of/with this kind of life.

    =He is bored with this kind of life.

4.be terrified at被……吓一跳

    He is terrified at the snake.

5.be burdened with负重

    He is burdened with a heavy load.

6.be crowded with挤满

    The shop is crowded with people.

7.be dressed in穿着

    She is dressed in red.

8.be experienced in对……有经验

    He is experienced in mending bikes.

9.be equipped with装备

    They are equipped with guns and food.

10.be furnished with提供,布置

    They are furnished with enough food.

11.be engaged in sth从事,忙于(=be busy with sth)

    He has been engaged in writing novels.

12.be engaged to与……订婚

    My daughter is engaged to a nice doctor.

13.be about to do sth.正要做……

    1 was just about to go swimming when our guide saw me and stopped me.

14.be fit to do/be fit for胜任;适合于

  He is fit to do the work.

  These books are not fit for children.

15.be worth doing值得做……

  The film is worth seeing again.

16.be proud of以……而自影骄傲

I am proud of being a Chinese.

17.be used to sth./doing sth.习惯于……

My grandpa is not used to living in the noisy city

18.be content to do sth./with… 甘愿于干……;满足于……

I am content with your work this time.

19.be content with对……感到满意

You should be content with what you have

20.be up to应由……,轮到……

It's up to her to answer the question.

21.be meant/intended for打算给,打算用作

Is this valuable painting meant for me?

22.be connected with与……有联系

He was also connected with the government.

23.be crazy about对……狂热

Many young people are crazy about Hip-Hop.

 

二、动词break构成的短语动词

1.break out爆发

    The Anti—Japanese War broke out in 1937.

2.break in打断;闯入

    Two robbers broke in and robbed the bank of a lot of money.

3.break into闯入;破门而入

They broke into the uncle’s bedroom and found the man lying on the floor。dead.

4.break away from脱离

  Lincoln said it was not fight for the south to break away from the union.

5.break down(机器,车辆)坏了;失败了;摧毁;分解

We are sorry to arrive late.but the car broke down.

6.break through突破

The marchers broke through the line of the police.

7.break off折断;中断;断绝

Let’s break off for half an hour and have some tea.

8.break up驱散,拆散

The police broke up the crowd.

 

三、动词carry构成的短语动词

1.carry on进行

He had learned enough English to carry on a conversation

2.carry out执行;进行

They were carrying out an important experiment.

3.carry away拿走

Please carry these desks away.

4.carry off夺走,抢走

Some unknown man carried off the prize

 

四、动词call构成的短语动词

1.call on拜访某人,号召

We will call on Mr.Li tomorrow.

We are called on to help those in trouble.

2.call at拜访某地

I called at your office yesterday, but you were not in

3.call for需要;要求;邀约(人);取(物)

Success called for hard work.

call for a doctor去请医生

4.call in 请来;收回

  Mother is badly i11.so call in a doctor at once.

5.call up打电话;征召;回想起

  I called Tom up and told him the news.

  In most countries men are called up at the age of 18.

  As I grew up in a small town at the foot of a mountain, the visit to the village called up scenes of my childhood.

 

五、动词catch,hold构成的短语动词

1.catch/take/get hold of sth.抓住某物

  Catch/Get/Take hold of the rope.and I'll pull you up.

2.catch up with赶上

  Work hard and I gin sure you are able to catch up with others in class.

3.catch fire着火;烧着

  Last night a big building caught fire.

4.catch sight of发现;看到

  When the mice caught sight of the cat,the mice run away as quickly as possible.

5.hold up举起;阻滞(交通等);耽搁

  He held up one of his fingers and showed it to the class.

  In the rush hour the traffic is hold up.,.

6.hold back阻止;控制

  We must hold them back from fighting.

7.hold one’s breath憋住气,屏息

  How long can you hold your breath under water?

8 hold out坚持;拿出

  We must hold out until help comes.

六、动词come构成的短语动词

1.come into…进入……状态

  come into being(事物、局面等)产生;形成

  The custom came into being long long ago.

2.come along过来;快点

  Come along! It’s nearly eight o'clock.

3.come out出来;出版

  How did the printing come out?

4.come true实现

  I am sure your dream will come true one day.

5.come back to life苏醒过来

   When the wounded soldier came back to life,he found himself in hospital.

6.come to the point说到要点,触及问题实质

7.come about发生,造成

  The event came about as he had predicted it.

8.come across碰见

  You’re the most beautiful woman I've ever come across.

  同义词组:run across  

   I came across an old friend in the street.

9.come to all end结束

  Your duties here have come to an end.

10.come to light为人所知,显露

The robbery didn’t come to light until the next day

11.come up with提出,想出

He came up with a new suggestion

 

七、动词do构成的短语动词

1.do well in在某方面做得好

My cousin is a sailor and he is doing very well in the navy

2.do good to对……有好处

Doing morning exercises will do good to your health.

3.do harm to对……有害处

Too much noise does harm to our health.

4.do with处理

What did you do with our goods?

5.do sb.a favour帮某人的忙

Will you do me a favour to carry it upstairs?

6.do up系纽扣;梳理

Look,your bottom isn’t done up.

do up one’s hair梳理头发

 

 

八、动词get构成的短语动词

1.get in touch with同……取得联系

2.get up起床

He gets up very early every day.

3.get back回来;取回

1 will get back next weekend.

4.get on上车

You shouldn’t get on the bus until it has stopped completely

5.get over克服;度过

You’ll soon get over these difficulties.

6.get off下车

The bus stopped and the passengers got off.

7.Get together相聚

We should go to a restaurant to get together.

8.get on/along well with与……相处融洽

I am getting on well with my classmates.

9.get into进人;陷入

Don’t get into the habit of smoking.

10.get into trouble陷入麻烦

11.get in a word插话

12.get rid of除掉

We aye doing our best to get rid of pollution.

13.get through通过;接通;完成;经历

I tried to telephone you but I couldn’t get through.

1 will be with you as soon as I get through this work

14.get to到达

He had to get to the other side of street to attend a meeting

15.get about/around/round传开,传出去

  The news of the disaster soon get about.

16.get across使理解

  The teacher tried to explain the problem,but the explanation did not get across to the class. 

17.get away离开

1 was in a meeting and couldn’t get away.

18.get down to(doing)sth.安心做,开始认真干

You must get down to your studies this year.

 

九、动词give构成的短语动词

1.give up放弃

I persuaded him to give up the foolish plan.

2.give in屈服;投降

He wouldn’t give in to the enemy.

3.give out用完;耗尽

Our food and water will give out soon.

4.get out of从……出来,摆脱,

He got out of debt.

5.give away分发;捐赠;泄露

He gave away most of his fortune to the poor work

Please don’t give my secret away.

6.give off放出

This engine gives off lots of smoke and steam

7.give back归还;恢复

Living here has given me back my health.

 

十、动词go构成的短语动词

1.go ahead继续;干吧

He went ahead with the work and got it done.

一May I use your phone?

  ---Certainly.Go ahead.

2.go by(时间)过去;经过(地点)

Don’t let the good chance go by.

3.go out(灯、火)熄灭

When they arrived,the fire had gone out.

4.go on(doing)继续做某事

Please go on with your work.

5.go on to do sth.接着做另外的事

He went on to watch TV after he had finished his home一

6.go over检查;复习

  When I came into the teacher's room,our teacher is going over our homework.

7.go through完成;通过;经历;仔细检察

  During the night the computers go through the information.

  She went through one hardship after another.

  Mother went through the drawer looking for the sweater.

  I've gone through too much money this week.

8.go all out(=try/do one’s best)竭尽全力

  They went all out to build the dam.

9.go about开始着手,到处走动,传开

  How does one go about getting the information.

10.go against违背

  They are going against our wishes.

11.go back回家,追溯

  This festival goes back to Roman times.

12.go for运用于,应用于’

  The medicine went for nothing.

13.go in for参加,爱好

  She went in for a singing competition.

14.go with相配

  I want some shoes to go with these trousers.

15.go without不吃/喝/用

  The poor boy often has to go without supper.

16.go beyond超过

  That’s going beyond a joke.

17.go up上升,上涨

  The goods have gone up in quality.

18.go down下降,降沉,下沉

  The moon has gone down.

 

十一、动词have构成的短语动词

1.have a word with sb.和某人说句话

Could you spare a few minutes? I want to have a word with

2.have words with争吵

They’ve had words with her about money.

3.have(deep)effects on对……有(深远)影响

The book has great effects on his life.

4.have difficulty in/find difficulty in/have trouble in 做……有困难

We have/find difficulty in writing the composition.

We have trouble in writing the composition.

 

十二、动词keep构成的短语动词

1.keep on doing sth.继续或反复做某事

  Marx kept on studying English and using it when he lived in London.

2.keep up坚持

  Keep up your courage and you will succeed.

3.keep up with跟上

  She can’t keep up with others.

4.keep back保留;阻止;隐瞒;拒留

  She was in deep sorrow。but she kept back her tears.

5.keep away from远离

  Keep children away from fire.

6.keep out of使……不进入

  In the ancient time, the Great Wall was built in order to keep enemy out of country.

7.keep one’s word遵守诺言

  I am sure you will keep your word.

8.keep in touch with与……保持联系

  We have kept in touch with each other by writing letters.

9.keep silent保持沉默

  He kept silent.about the matter.

10.keep/prevent/stop...from doing sth.制止(防止)……做某事

  The heavy rain kept us from going out.

11.keep off使……远离

  Please keep off the grass.

 

十三、动词knock构成的短语动词

1.knock at敲(门、窗等)

  Yon should knock at the door before coming in.

2.knock down撞倒

   They make sure the cows not knock the young trees down or eat the leaves..

3.knock off撞掉下来

    A child ran into the street and knocked the woman off her bicycle.

4.knock about连续打击/碰撞,漂泊,闲逛

  He has knocked about all over Asia.

 

十四、动词look构成的短语动词

1.1ook up抬头;查阅

You may look up new word in a dictionary.

2.1ook out小心

Look out! The pan is on fire.

3.1ook into调查

We’11 further look into the matter.

4.1ook forward to盼望

We look forward to knowing the results of the exam.

5.1ook through仔细看;浏览

You have to look through the papers before you hand them

6.1ook up to尊敬

Young children should look up to old people.

7.1ook down upon瞧不起

The days are gone when women were looked down upon

8.1ook like看起来

  You look like your father.

9.1ook on…as(=treat/consider/take/think of...as) 把……看作

  He looks on the computer as his friend.

10.1ook after照顾

When I am out,my husband looks after our baby.

11.1ook for寻找

What are you looking for?

 

十五、动词make构成的短语动词

1.make a dive for向……猛冲

  The dog made a dive for the bone.

2.make an apology to向……道歉

  He apologized/made an apology to her.

3.be made up of组成

  Two thirds of the earth’s surface is made up of vast ocean.

4.make up组成;化妆;打扮;补充;弥补;编造;捏造

    Great Britain and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom.

It took her more than one hour to make up for the party

Our losses have to be made up with more loans.

The whole story is made up.

5.make room for给……腾地方

Would you like to make room for the old lady?

6.make up one’s mind下决心

I have made up my mind to work harder than before.

7.make up for弥补

We must make up for the time wasted before.

8.make use of利用

We should make full use of the books in the library

9.make one’s way排除困难前进

After the film ended we made our way out of cinema.

10.make progress进步

With the teacher's help,I have made much progress.

11.make repairs修理

They are making repairs in that building

12.make a promise许诺言

Father made a promise to buy me a new computer

13.make a living谋生

He began to make a living by himself when he was ten.

14.make the best of尽量利用

Mother didn’t enjoy his job,but she made the best of it

15.make for走向,前往

They set off by car and made for the nearest town.

16.make out认出,理解

We made out a figure in the darkness.

It’s difficult to make out his ideas.

17.make it成功,及时达到

After hard—working.we made it at last.

 

十六、动词put构成的短语动词

1.put away放好;收起来

Put the books away after reading.

2.put down记下;平息    .

Put down the gentleman’s address.

3.put out扑灭;出版

It took the fire—fighters four hours to put out the fire

4.put up举起;建造;张贴;公布,投宿

Many new high buildings have been put up in our city

5.put up with(=stand/bear)忍受

He is prepared to put up with it for the time being

6.put on穿上;上演;增加

We will put on the new play next month.

7.put off延期;拖延

The sports meet will be put off because of the bad weather

8.put through完成;(打电话)把……接通

Can you put me through to this number?

9.put forward提出建议,拨快(钟等)

The doctor put forward a good suggestion.

 

十七、动词take构成的短语动词

1.take up占用(时间;空间);从事

The piano takes up too much space in the room

2.take…out拿出去

We don’t allow taking books out of the reading room

3.take sides站在……一边

Switzerland didn’t take sides in the First World War.

4.take place发生

The strike took place just before liberation.

5.take the place of代替

Now cotton can be taken the place of by many other materials.

6.take one’s place就座;代替某人职位

They took their places before the meeting began.

7.take it easy别着急

Take it easy.and you are not badly i11.

8.take off脱掉;起飞;成功

The plane takes off at eight.

They not just made progress but took off.

9.take part in参加

Martin Luther King took a leading part in the great march

10.take pride in以……而自豪

He took pride in being a student in Beijing University.

11.take away(from)拿走;使停留,使离开

The child was taken away from school,not allowed to at.

12.take in欺骗,摄取

  take on雇用,接受(工作),呈现(品质、面貌)

  take over接管   

The pretty girl took in my feeling.

You’d better take in some fruits.

Yon have taken on too much

The frogs can take on the colours of its background

The new headmaster took over yesterday.

He is taking over my job while I'm on holiday.

 

十八、动词turn构成的短语动词

1.turn up出现;开大(音量);到达,发生

He didn’t turn up until two o'clock yesterday afternoon

2.turn against背叛

She will never turn against her country

3.turn on旋开(电灯等)

Turn on TV please..

4.turn off关上(电灯等)

Please turn off the light before you 1eave.

5.turn down开小(音量)

Would you mind turning down the radio?

6.turn over翻转

It is spring now,and peasants are turning over the fields

7.turn in交出;交

Jane turned in the wallet found at the school gate.

8.turn to找某人寻求帮助;翻到;转向

They always turn to me when they are in trouble.

9.turn into变成

It turned into a nice day.

10.turn out结果是/关掉/查明/生产

Do you think the crops will turn out well this year?

The day turn out fine.

The factory turns out 100 car8 per day.

 

十九、动词help, hand, lead,die构成的短语动词

1.help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事

  I often help my mother with house work.

2.help oneself to sth.尽管请便;请随便吃

  As you like fish,help yourself to it.

3.hand in交上来

  You have to hand in your compositions before weekend.

4.hand out分发

  Would you like to help me to hand out the books to your classmates?

5.1ead to sth./doing sth.导致

  Hard work can lead to Success.

6.1ead a...1ife过……的生活

  Einstein led a simple life in America.

7.die of死于……(内因)

  die from死于……(外因)

  The old man died of old age.

  Many old people died from air pollution in winter.

8.die out灭绝

  This kind of bird is dying out.

 

二十、动词tell, talk, speak,hear,ask, answer构成的短语动词

1.talk to/with sb.和某人谈话

 The woman I talked to just now is in charge of the office.

2.speak of/speak about大胆讲话;大声说出来

  He dared to speak about his opinion at the meeting.

3.hear of听说

  I don’t know him.but I have heard of him.

  hear from接到某人的书信

  I haven’t heard from him for nearly a year.

4.ask for要;请求

  He often asks his parents for money.

5.ask sb.to do sth.要某人做某事

  ask sb.for sth.向某人要某物

6.answer for对……负责

You will have to answer for your behaviour one day

 

二十一、动词set,send构成的短语动词

1.send for派人去请

The police were sent for as soon as the accident took place.

2.send out发出(光亮等)

  The sun sends out light and heat.

3.send up发射

  A number of man-made satellites have been sent up into space in the past few years.

4.send off寄出,派遣;给……送行

  send in寄送某处进行处理    、

Many of his friends sent him off at the airport. (see him off)

  He sent in 3 drawings for the competition.

5.set about doing sth.(=set to do sth./set out to do sth./get down to doing sth.)开始……;着手……

  We’11 set about doing this next month.

6.set out/off出发;开始

  We set out to work at five in the early morning and hoped to finish it before dark.

7.set up建立;树立;设立

  Many new buildings have been set up in this area in the past ten years.

8.set sb.free释放

  In the end all slaves were set free.

  set fire to/set…on fire放火烧……

  The man who set fire to the building was arrested.

9.set an example to树立榜样

  His courage set an example to us.

 

二十二、动词show,point,agree,pay构成的短语动词

1.show sb.in领某人进来

The man in charge of the shop came up to show us in.

2.show sb.out领某人出去Please show the lady out.

3.show sb.around领某人参观

We were showed around the new factory by the chief engineer.

4.point out指出

If I have done anything wrong,please point it out

5.point at指指点点

  In part of Asia you must not sit with feet pointing at another person.

6.agree to do sth.同意做某事

  He agreed to help me with my English.

7.agree with同意某人的意见;适合于

  He agreed with me at last.

  The climate here doesn’t agree with me.

8.agree on意见一致

  The building of a new factory was agreed on last month.

9.pay for付钱

  I paid 100 yuan for that shirt.

10.pay off还清债务

  It took the couple ten years of hard work to pay off the debts.

11.pay back把钱还回给某人

  I can lend the money to you on condition that you must pay it back in two days.

 

二十三、动词try,wait构成的短语动词

1.try on试穿

He is trying on a new suit.

2.try out试用

Any TV set must be tried out before it leaves the factory.

3.try one’s best to do尽力去做……

We all try our best to help others.

4.wait for等待

Hurry up! They must be waiting for us.

5.wait on服侍;伺候

Mrs.Smith waited on her husband from morning till night

 

二十四、其他短语动词

1.connect with把……联接起来

he operator will connect you to/with our manager

2.deal with对付;处理;论述;和……做生意

  I don’t know how to deal with the problem.

3.depend on依靠

  I am your friend.You can depend on me to help you.

4.divide into把……分成

  The train had divided into two parts in the station where it

had stopped.

5.persuade sb.to do sth.说服某人做某事

  I tried to persuade him to give up smoking.but I failed.

6.drive off把车开走

  The traffic is held up,so I can’t drive off.

7.drop in(on sb./at a place)顺便拜访……

  He usually drops in at my place on his way home.

8.refer to指;谈到;参照

  When I said some people are stupid,I wasn’t referring to you.

9.spend…on sth./in doing sth.在……花(钱,时间等)

She spent lots of her money on clothes.

10.stick to sth./doing sth.坚持

Einstein stuck to his opinion and went on with his research

11.stick with和……在一起,保持联系

He stuck with(=remained in)the firm for 20 years.

12.wear out(使)筋疲力尽

  I was worn out from the long walk.

13.work out算出;计算出

  The maths problem is too difficult for me to work out.

14.struggle against与……作斗争

  We are struggling against pollution.    、

15.quarrel with sb.about sth.为……争吵

  She often quarrels with her husband about housework.

16.devote…to sth./sb.献身于;致力于

  After he graduated from university,he devoted himself to the teaching work in the countryside.

17.used to do sth.过去常常

  There used to be a brook in front of my house when 1 was a little child.

18.settle down定居

  After years of traveling, Mr.Li decided to settle down.

19.stand for代表

  What does“U.S.”stand for7

  stand by支持

  No matter what happens.I’11 stand by you.

  stand by = support/take part with/take the side of/be in favour(support)of

20.begin at/start with/begin with以……开始

  Today we shall begin at page 40.

  Autumn begins/starts with August.

  to begin with首先

21.end up最后落得……的结局/下场

  end(up)with以……结束

22.act on照……行事  .

  He acts on principles.

23.answer for/be responsible for对……负责

  You will answer for what you said.

  You will be responsible for what you said.

24.believe in信仰、信奉(真理、宗教、原则等);信任

  believe相信某人所说的话

  trust相信某人的品德、为人、能力等

I trust you.=I believe in you.

I don’t believe what she said.

have trust in相信

She has trust in him.

believe it or not信不信由你

Believe it or not,he walked 12 miles to help you

25.belong to属于

The house belongs to me.

26.burst into突然……起来

She burst into tears at the news.

27.put an end to sth结束(不好的事);制止

We must put an end to this foolish behavior.

28.compare…to…把……比作……

Man’s life is often compared to a candle.

compare…with…把……和……比较

Compare this with that,and you’11 see which is better.

compared to/with和……比起来(常在句中作状语)

Compared to/with many people,she was indeed lucky.

29.care for喜欢;照料;关心

care about关心;计较;在乎

I don’t care for playing the piano.

I don’t care about/for what you said.

30.change…for…用……换取……

  He changed his house for a car.

  change…with sb.和某人交换……

  Will you change seats with me?

  change…into…把……变成……

  The fairy changed the cat into a swan.

31.share(in)sth.with sb.与某人共同使用

  He shared her toys with others.

32.base…on根据

  He based the conclusion on experiments.

33.congratulate…on/upon祝贺

  We congratulated her on winning the contest.

34.consist of/be made up of由……组成

  The United Kingdom consists of/is made up of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

35.clear up放晴;收拾;整理;澄清;解决

  The weather cleared up after the thunderstorm.

  Let me clear up the things on the tables.

    I'd like to clear up two or three points.

    副词up与某些动词连用,表示“完全…‘彻底”或“动作难度等的增加”

    We’ve eaten everything up.‘

    He tore up the letter after reading it.

36.up和动词组成的其它短语还有:

  look up查找tie up绑好fasten up固定好8peak up大声说blow up吹起来save up 储存

  add up加起来tidy up收拾干净break up打碎speed up加速lock up锁好bring up抚养set up成立

37.cure…of治愈;痊愈

  The medicine cured him of his headache.

38.treat…for治疗;医治

  The doctor treated me for my broken leg.

  treat…to…以……款待

  I’11 treat you to dinner.

  treat…as把……当作……

  The teacher treated us as her friends.

39.owe…to…因……而感激(某人);把……归功于

owe…for._.欠……的钱(债,人情)

He owed five yuan for Mary.

Owing to his laziness he failed in the test.

40.operate on为……手术

He operated on the wounded soldier.

41.quarrel over为……争吵

quarrel with同……争吵

They quarrelled over the property.

She quarrelled with her mother.

42.reply to答复

43.recover from恢复

  She has recovered from her illness.

44.head for朝……去

  The ship is heading for the nearest port.

45.inspire…with…以……激发

  He inspired them with courage.

46.insist on/persist in坚持

  He insisted on/persisted in doing that.

47.join in参加(活动)

    join sb.in.加入某人做事    。,

    He joined us in watering the trees.

    She also joined in the dancing.

48.1ong for渴望

    I'm longing for a letter from him.

49.1earn...by heart背会

    She has learnt it by heart.

50.1eave for动身去

    He is leaving for Nanjing next week.

51.fix one’s eyes on凝视

    He fixed his eyes on the girl.

52.form the habit of/fall into the habit of/get into the habit of养成……的习惯

    He formed the habit of smoking.

    He fell into the habit of smoking.

    be in the habit of有……的习惯

    get out of the habit of改掉……的习惯

    He is in the habit of getting up early.

    He got out of the habit of smoking.

53.present…with赠送

    He presented her with a gold watch.

54.1ive on靠……生活,以……为主食

    Sheep live on grass.

    1ive through活动,经历过

    He has lived through two wars and two revolutions.

    1ive up to不辜负

    We shouldn’t live up to my parents’ will.

    1ive with忍受,容忍

    I don’t like the noise.but I have to live with it.

55.mix...with同……混合

    Oil and water can’t mix with each other.

56.wipe out消灭

    The enemy troops have been wiped out.

57.result in导致

    result from由……引起

  Overeating results in/causes/leads to/brings about his illness.

  His illness results from overeating.

58.Rob…of...抢走

  The pain robbed him of sleep.

  remind…of…使(某人)想起一…·

  This reminds me of what we did together during our holidays.

  warn…of以..警告(某人)……

  He was warned of the danger.

  inform…of...通知(某人)……

  Have you informed them of your departure?

59.watch out for提防

  同义词组:look out for

  be on one’s guard

  be on the watch for

  We should watch out for the thief.

  We should look out for the thief.

  We should be on our guard.

  We should be on the watch for the thief.

  watch over照顾;看守

  keep watch看守;值班

  be on watch在值班

  be off watch不在值班

  The old should watch over the young.

  The soldier is on/off watch.

60.face up to面对;承担

  We must face up to the fact.

61.fit in with适合;符合

  The clothes fit in with her. =The clothes are fit for her.

62.pay attention to注意

  He paid much attention to her life.

63.pass a judgement on判决

  The court passed a judgement on the case.

64.add up to总计为

  The income adds up to 1.000 dollars.

65.accuse…of控告某人

  Who accused you of such a thing?

66.aim at瞄准,目标是

  The huntsman aimed (his gun) at the lion and fired but missed it.

67.allow for顾及,考虑到

  He should have allowed for the price.

68.apply for申请

    apply to应用

  I have applied for a passport.

  The term is rarely applied to animals.

69.be(just)around the comer即将到来=be on the way

  They claimed that recovery was just around the corner.

70.be attached to附属于;依恋

  She was so attached to her home.

71.be aware of知道,意识到

  He was not aware of her presence till she spoke to him.

72.become of发生

  They wondered what had become of him.

73.beg for乞求 

He came over and begged for a light

74.benefit from得益于

I benefited from my father’s advice

75.be buried in埋头于

He was buried in a book99.object to反对

Do you object to such simple pleasures?

76.centre...on集中……于

She centred her attention on the problem.

77.charge…for索价  ’

charge…with控告

We don’t charge anything for that.

He was charged by the police with breaking the law.

78.cheat…of骗取某人某物

He cheated me(out)of my money.

79.cool off变凉,冷却,冷静

It cooled off after the downpour last night.

80.concentrate(…)on专心于,聚精会神于

P1ease concentrate on the lesson.

81.take…into consideration考虑到

These were a11 factors which hed to be taken into consideration.

82.account for说明原因解释

He couldn’t account for his absence from sch001.

83.clean up收拾;整理

You should always clean up after a picnic.

84.dream of/about梦想;想到

I never dream of its hurting you.

85.drop out(of)辍学;中途退出

If you don’t like the idea, drop out.

86.feed on以……为主食

It feeds on a certain kind of fish.

feed…on用……喂养

What do you feed your dogs on?

87.fix up安装

They are busy fixing up the lights.

88.focus on聚集于,集中于

Focus your attention on your work.

89.set foot in/on踏上,走进

Never set foot on our property again.

90.hang up挂上电话;挂起来

After she finished her conversation,she hung up.

Lester hung up his hat and coat.

91.hunt for寻找

What do you hurt for?

92.know about了解

I happened to know about him.

know of听说,知道有

He said that he knew of a hotel that might suit him

93.1ay down放下

The general told the troops to lay down their arms.

94.1eave alone别动,别管,让……单独呆着

Thank you,but leave me alone,please.

1eave out遗漏;忽视,不理会

Don’t leave me out,please.

95.1et alone更不用说

I couldn’t afford to rent a house like that,let alone buy it

let down使失望

I won’t let him down in any way

96.1ight up照亮,点燃

The searchlight lit up the whole area.

throw light upon阐明,使……清楚

Perhaps you can throw some light on these

97.be lost in埋头于,迷失在……中

We were lost in the forest

98.take notice of注意

Don’t take any notice of what he says.

99.object to反对

Do you object to such simple pleasures?

100.be occupied with/in忙于,从事于

He was occupied in writing letters.

101.occur to被想到

That view of the case did not occur to me before

102.operate on为……动手术

You can’t get a private doctor to operate on him.

103.pass away去世

He passed away at eighty.

pass by经过,流逝,忽视

He had a feeling that his friends were passing him by

pass on传递,传给,去世

The news was passed on by word of mouth

104.reach for伸手去拿

    Sam reached for his gun.

    reach out伸出

    David reached out and took down a small leather-bound book.

105.react to反应,反对

    How did he react to the news?

106.remember…to代向……问好

    Remember me to your family!

107.rise up起立,起议

    The people finally rose up and dethroned(废黜)the unpopular monarch.

108.round up把……聚拢

  Round up the rest of the flowers.

109.seek after/for追求,征求,寻求

  What did you seek for?

110.serve as担任,充当

  Tom served for twelve years as a soldier.

111.shut up闭嘴,关门,打烊

   Shut up !

112.slow down减慢,减速,慢下来

  Slow down when you come to the main road.

113.spread out展开,铺开,延伸

  Spread out your fingers.

114.stare at盯着,凝视

  The little girl stared at the toys in the window.

115.supply sth.to/for向……提供

  The school supplies books for the children.

116.suspect sb.of怀疑某……

  I suspect him of killing the girl.

117.sweep away冲走,卷走,扫除

  The dust has all been swept away.

118.tear down拆除

  Did they tear the building down?

  tear up撕碎,连根拨起

  I'm afraid I’ve torn it up.

119.tell apart区分,辨别

  The teacher could not tell the twins apart.

120.tidy up整理,收拾

  She decided to tidy up the upstairs rooms.

 

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