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许昌211

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个性化辅导,首选许昌211!县三一线名师,专注于高中数学、英语、物理、化学等1对1,1对几,个性化辅导。常年设有周末班,寒暑假精品小班,艺术生冲刺班等。详询:15037451213

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高考英语常考主谓一致知识点汇总  

2009-07-02 15:58:04|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  1、请看一些例句:

  Five minutes is enough to do this exercise.

  Each boy and each girl wants to serve the people in future.

  More than one student has seen the film.

  Many a ship has been damaged in the storm.

  More members than one are against your plan.

  2、一些有两个部分构成的名词表示衣物或工具作主语时, 谓语通常用复数形式:glasses, clothes, trousers, shoes, compasses, chopsticks, scissors等。

  但如果主语用a kind of , a pair of , a series of等加名词构成时, 谓语动词一般用单数形式。

  A pair of shoes was on the desk.

  并列主语如果指的是同一个人、同一事物或同一概念时, 谓语动词用单数形式, 这时and后面有冠词。例如:

  Truth and honesty is the best policy.

  The girl's teacher and friend is a young doctor.

  To love and to be loved is the great happiness.

  Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.

  A knife and fork is on the table.

  3、当主语后面跟有as well as, as much as , no less than, along with, with, like, rather than, together with, but, except, besides, including, in addition to等引导的词组时, 其谓语动词的单、复数按主语的单、复数而定。例如:

  The teacher as well as the students was excited.

  The room with its furniture was rented.

  A (great) number of修饰可数复数名词, 谓语动词用复数.

  4、a great deal of, a large amount of 修饰不可数名词, 其短语作主语时, 谓语动词用单数。关系代词who, that, which等在定语从句中作主语时, 其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。  例如:

    Those who want to go please sign your names here.

    Some of the energy that is used by man comes from the sun.

  5、季节、月份、星期、节日、假日、一日三餐、学科名称,球类、棋类名词名称前一般不加冠词。

  1/2 one(a) half 1/4 one(a) quarter

  6、形容词的顺序:

  系动词be,grow,get,become,feel,appear,prove,seem,look,keep,smell,taste,sound,turn,remain限定词+数量形容词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、长短、高低等形体+新旧+颜色+国藉+材料

    Those three beautiful large square old brown wood table

    7、某些以a-开首的形容词例如:afraid,alike,alone,asleep,awake, alive 等只能作表语,不能作定语。

    8、某些以-ly结尾的词是形容词而不是副词:friendly,lively,lovely,lonely,likely,deadly,silly,orderly, timely等。

  1)close接近地 ---losely仔细地,密切地

  2)free 免费地 --- freely自由地,无拘束地

  3)hard努力地--- hardly几乎不

  4)late 晚,迟 --- lately 近来

  5)most 极,非常 --- mostly主要地

  6)wide广阔地,充分地--- widely广泛地

  7)high高--- highly高度地,非常地

  8)deep深,迟 ---deeply抽象意义的“深”

   9)loud大声地--- loudly大声地(含有喧闹的意思)

  10)near邻近 --- nearly几乎

  bad/ill,badly worse worst little less least

  9、表示一方不及另一方时,用“less+原级+than”的结构表示:This room is less beautiful than that one.

   表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时,可在比较级前加表示程度的状语,如:even,a lot,a bit,a little,still,much,far, yet, by far等修饰:He works even harder than before.

   注意:by far 通常用于强调最高级。用于比较级时,一般放在比较级的后面, 如放在前面,应在二者中间加“the”。

  He is taller by far than his brother.

  He is by far the taller of the two brothers.

   某些以-or结尾的形容词进行比较时,用to代替than。superior,junior,senior等。

  He is superior to Mr Wang in mathematics.

  10、在比较从句中为了避免重复通常用that(those),one(ones)代替前面出现的名词。that指物,one既可指人,也可指物。that可代替可数名词单数和不可数名词,而one只能代替可数名词。例如:

  The book on the table is more interesting than that on the desk.

  A box made of iron is stronger than one made of wood.

  11、表示倍数的比较级有如下几种句型:

  A is three (four,etc.) times the size (height, length, width,etc) of B.

  The new building is four times the size (the height) of the old one.

  这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(四倍高)。[高三倍]

  A is three (four, etc.) times as big (high, long, wide, etc.) as B.

  Asia is four times as large as Europe.亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。

  A is three (four,etc.) times bigger (higher, longer, wider) than B.

  例如:Your school is three times bigger than ours.你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。

    表示两倍可以用 twice 或 double。

    表示“最高程度”的形容词,如excellent,extreme,perfect等,没有最高级,也不能用比较级。

    如果复数名词前有many、few,不可数名词前有much、little等表示量的形容词时,该用so而不用such。如:

  I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over。

  White got so little money a month that he could hardly keep body and soul together.

    但little不表示数量而表示“小”的意思时,仍用such。如:

  They are such little children that the they cannot clean the house by themselves.

  主谓一致知识点较散,同学们应该在平时做题是多注意总结。

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